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Mutakkil-nusku

Background

Mutakkil-Nusku, inscribed mmu-ta/tak-kil-dPA.KU, "he whom Nusku endows with confidence," was king of Assyria briefly ca. 1133 BC, during a period of political decline. He reigned sufficiently long to be the recipient of a letter or letters from the Babylonian king, presumed to be Ninurta-nādin-šumi, in which he was lambasted and derided. Biography[edit] He was a younger son of the long-reigning king, Aššur-dān I (ca. 1179 to 1134 BC) and succeeded his brother Ninurta-tukultī-Aššur, whom he ousted in a coup and subsequently went on to fight in a civil war that seems to have pitched the Assyrian heartland against its provinces. He appears on the Khorsabad Kinglist[i 1] which relates that “Mutakkil-Nusku, his (Ninurta-tukultī-Aššur’s) brother, fought against him. He drove him to Karduniaš (Babylonia).” Contemporary evidence suggests that Ninurta-tukultī-Aššur sought sanctuary in the border town of Sišil, where Mutakkil-Nusku’s forces engaged him in battle, the outcome of which is lost.[1] The fragments of one or perhaps two Middle Assyrian letters exist,[i 2] from an unnamed Babylonian king, possibly Ninurta-nādin-šumi, to Mutakkil-Nusku, where he is told that "You should act according to your heart (ki libbika).” The text lambastes him for failing to keep an appointment, or a challenge, in Zaqqa and seems to confirm that Ninurta-tukultī-Aššur had reached exile in Babylonia.[2] His victory was short-lived as ṭuppišu Mutakkil-Nusku kussâ ukta'il KUR-a e-mid, “(he) held the throne for ṭuppišu (his tablet), then died,” perhaps his inaugural year and part way into his first year only.[3] One interpretation suggests this was while his father still nominally ruled.[4] Apart from a brief economic text concerning 100 sheep of Mutakkil-Nusku, without a royal title, and his appearance in the genealogies of his descendants such as one of his son, Aššur-rēša-iši I,[2] there are no other extant inscriptions.[4] Inscriptions[edit] Jump up ^ Khorsabad Kinglist, iii 35–36. Jump up ^ Tablet fragments BM 55498 and 55499, K 212+4448 (+) Sm 2116+BM 104727. References[edit] Jump up ^ Jaume Llop, A. R. George (2001). "Die babylonisch-assyrischen Beziehungen und die innere Lage Assyriens in der Zeit der Auseinandersetzung zwischen Ninurta-tukulti-Aššur und Mutakkil-Nusku nach neuen keilschriftlichen Quellen". Archiv für Orientforschung. 48–49: 1–20. ^ Jump up to: a b A. K. Grayson (1972). Assyrian Royal Inscriptions, Volume 1. Otto Harrassowitz. pp. 144–146, 149–152. Jump up ^ Heather D. Baker (2010). "The meaning of ṭuppi". 104 (1). Revue d'Assyriologie: 131–162. ^ Jump up to: a b J. A. Brinkman (1999). "Mutakkil-Nusku". In D. O. Edzard. Reallexikon Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie: Meek – Mythologie. Walter De Gruyter. p. 500. Preceded by Ninurta-tukulti-Ashur King of Assyria 1133 BC Succeeded by Ashur-resh-ishi I

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