People > Sargon I

Sargon I

Background

Sargon I, also known as Sharru-ken was a king of the Old Assyrian Kingdom between 1920 BCE and 1881 BCE. His name translated from the Akkadian means "the king is legitimate". Not much is known about his rule other than he was responsible for initiating construction projects that reinforced the capital city of Ashur. He is sometimes confused with Sargon the Great who established the Akkadian Empire and is also known as Sargon of Akkad rather than Sargon I.

Šarru-kīn I, Sharru-ken I, or Sargon I, reigned as a Išši’ak Aššur of the Old Assyrian Empire from c. 1920 BC — c. 1881 BC. Šarru-kīn I is stated on the Assyrian King List as being the son and successor of Ikunum, and the father and predecessor of Puzur-Ashur II. The name, “Sargon” means “the king is legitimate” in the Akkadian language[1] and has also been used to refer to Sargon of Akkad. Sargon I may have been named after Sargon of Akkad,[2] perhaps reflecting the extent to which Sargon I identified with the prestigious Dynasty of Akkad. Sargon I is known for his work refortifying Assur.[3] Very little is otherwise known about Sargon I.[2]The following is a list of the 41 annually-elected limmu officials from the year of accession of Sargon I until the year of his death.[4] Dates are based on a date of 1833 BC for the solar eclipse recorded in the limmu of Puzur-Ishtar:[5][clarification needed] 1905 BC Irišum son of Iddin-Aššur 1904 BC Aššur-malik son of Agatum 1903 BC Aššur-malik son of Enania 1902 BC Ibisua son of Suen-nada 1901 BC Bazia son of Bal-Tutu 1900 BC Puzur-Ištar son of Sabasia 1899 BC Pišaḫ-Ili son of Adin 1898 BC Asqudum son of Lapiqum 1897 BC Ili-pilaḫ son of Damqum 1896 BC Qulali 1895 BC Susaya 1894 BC Amaya the Weaponer 1893 BC Ipḫurum son of Ili-ellat 1892 BC Kudanum son of Laqipum 1891 BC Ili-bani son of Ikunum 1890 BC Šu-Kubum son of Susaya 1889 BC Quqidi son of Amur-Aššur 1888 BC Abia son of Nur-Suen 1887 BC Šu-Ištar son of Šukutum 1886 BC Bazia son of Šepa-lim 1885 BC Šu-Ištar son of Ikunum, the starlike (kakkabanum) 1884 BC Abia son of Šu-Dagan 1883 BC Salia son of Šabakuranum 1882 BC Ibni-Adad son of Baqqunum 1881 BC Aḫmarši son of Malkum-išar 1880 BC Sukkalia son of Minanum 1879 BC Iddin-Aššur son of Kubidi 1878 BC Šudaya son of Ennanum 1877 BC Al-ṭab son of Pilaḫ-Aššur 1876 BC Aššur-dammiq son of Abarsisum 1875 BC Puzur-Niraḫ son of Puzur-Suen 1874 BC Amur-Aššur son of Karria 1873 BC Buzuzu son of Ibbi-Suen 1872 BC Šu-Ḫubur son of Elali 1871 BC Ilšu-rabi son of Bazia 1870 BC Alaḫum son of Inaḫ-ili 1869 BC Ṭab-Aššur son of Suḫarum 1868 BC Elali son of Ikunum 1867 BC Iddin-abum son of Narbitum 1866 BC Adad-bani son of Iddin-Aššur 1865 BC Aššur-iddin son of Šuli References[edit] Jump up ^ Chavalas, Mark William (29 Jun 2006). The ancient Near East: historical sources in translation. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-631-23580-4. ^ Jump up to: a b Bromiley, Geoffrey (31 Dec 1996). The international standard Bible encyclopedia (Revised ed.). William B Eerdmans. ISBN 978-0-8028-3784-4. Jump up ^ Leick, Gwendolyn (2001). Who's Who in the Ancient Near East. Routledge. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-415-13231-2. Jump up ^ Klaas R. Veenhof, The old Assyrian list of year eponyms from Karum Kanish and its chronological implications (Ankara, Turkish Historical Society, 2003) Jump up ^ C. Michel, Nouvelles données pour la chronologie du IIe millénaire, NABU 2002, Nr. 20, 17f. Preceded by Ikunum Išši’ak Aššur c. 1920 BC — c. 1881 BC Succeeded by Puzur-Ashur II

Assyrian King List

King Name Years of Rule Kingdom
Eriba-Adad I 1380–1353 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-uballit I 1353–1318 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Enlil-nirari 1317–1308 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Arik-den-ili 1307–1296 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Adad-nirari I 1295–1264 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Shalmaneser I 1263–1234 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Tukulti-Ninurta I 1233–1197 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nadin-apli 1196–1194 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nirari III 1193–1188 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Enlil-kudurri-usur 1187–1183 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Ninurta-apal-Ekur 1182–1180 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-Dan I 1179-1133 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Ninurta-tukulti-Ashur 1333 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Mutakkil-nusku 1333 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-resh-ishi I 1133-1115 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Tiglath-Pileser I 1115-1076 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Asharid-apal-Ekur 1076-1074 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-bel-kala 1074-1056 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Eriba-Adad II 1056-1054 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Shamshi-Adad IV 1054-1050 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nasir-pal I 1050-1031 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Shalmaneser II 1031-1019 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nirari IV 1019-1013 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-rabi II 1013-972 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-resh-ishi II 972-967 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Tiglath-Pileser II 967-935 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-Dan II 935-912 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Adad-nirari II 912-891 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Tukulti-Ninurta II 891-884 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nasir-pal II 884-859 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Shalmaneser III 859-824 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Shamshi-adad V 824-811 BCE Middle Assyrian Empire
Shammu-ramat 811-808 BCE Neo-Assyrian Empire
Adad-nirari III 811-783 BCE Neo-Assyrian Empire
Shalmeneser IV 783-773 BCE Neo-Assyrian Empire
Ashur-dan III 773-755 BCE Neo-Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nirari V 755-745 BCE Neo-Assyrian Empire
Tiglath-Pileser III 745-727 BCE Neo-Assyrian Empire
Shalmaneser V 727-722 BCE Neo-Assyrian Empire
Sargon II 722–705 BCE Neo-Assyrian Empire
Sennacherib 705–681 BCE Neo-Assyrian Empire
Esarhaddon 681–669 BCE Neo-Assyrian Empire
Ashurbanipal 669–631 BCE Neo-Assyrian Empire
Ashur-etli-ilani 631-627 BCE Neo-Assyrian Empire
Sin-shumu-lishir 626 BCE Neo-Assyrian Empire
Sin-shar-ishkun 627-612 BCE Neo-Assyrian Empire
Ashur-uballit II 612-608 BCE Neo-Assyrian Empire

Sources

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources