Settlements > Nineveh

Nineveh

Background

Nineveh was the ancient capital of Assyrian during the Neo-Assyrian Empire after it was moved from Ashur. Located on the banks of the Tigris River the ancient city of Nineveh was easily comparable to that of ancient Babylon if not grander in its day.

According to ancient accounts there was fifteen different gates and the city was a lot like modern day Amsterdam with canals that criss-crossed streets. There was a massive palace along with the famed Library of Ashurbanipal and the city is given as a possible location for the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, which lets be honest there probably existed many of these structures.

Settlements - Nineveh (1719)

Nineveh - Alain Manesson Mallet (1719)

Nineveh was destroyed during a Babylonian uprising and was razed to the ground following the Battle of Nineveh so we are unable to view the city in all its splendor today. Yet thousands of years ago this was the city to be in much like New York or Paris today.

The memory of Nineveh was preserved in the bible as a sign of gods wraith. However, the destruction of Nineveh was nothing more than battle hungry Chaldeans led by Nabopolassar who formed an alliance with other civilizations the Assyrians had subjugated for three hundred years and brutally crushed their civilization into the ground.

The city of Ashur was destroyed during this engagement as well.

Origins

The city of Nineveh was not always the capital of the Assyrian Empire.

Nineveh - Nineveh Map - Holy Land in Geography and in History (1899)

Nineveh Map - Holy Land in Geography and in History (1899)

Nineveh Structures

the plan of which has been mostly recovered and has overall dimensions of about 503 by 242 metres (1,650 ft × 794 ft). It comprised at least 80 rooms, many of which were lined with sculpture. A large number of cuneiform tablets were found in the palace. The solid foundation was made out of limestone blocks and mud bricks; it was 22 metres (72 ft) tall. In total, the foundation is made of roughly 2,680,000 cubic metres (3,505,308 cu yd) of brick (approximately 160 million bricks). The walls on top, made out of mud brick, were an additional 20 metres (66 ft) tall. Some of the principal doorways were flanked by colossal stone door figures weighing up to 30,000 kilograms (30 t); they included many winged lions or bulls with a man's head. These were transported 50 kilometres (31 mi) from quarries at Balatai and they had to be lifted up 20 metres (66 ft) once they arrived at the site, presumably by a ramp. There are also 3,000 metres (9,843 ft) of stone panels carved in bas-relief, that include pictorial records documenting every construction step including carving the statues and transporting them on a barge. One picture shows 44 men towing a colossal statue. The carving shows three men directing the operation while standing on the Colossus. Once the statues arrived at their destination, the final carving was done. Most of the statues weigh between 9,000 and 27,000 kilograms (19,842 and 59,525 lb).[9][10]

Discovery

Nineveh was discovered in the 1840's by European archaeologists yet currently sits in the center of a city controlled by the Islamic State so good luck excavating that one without getting your head chopped off.

Sources

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources