People > Adad-nirari III
Adad-nirari III, also known as Adad-narari was the king of Assyria between 811 BCE and 783 BCE. He was the successor and son of the previous king of Assyria named Shamshi-Adad V. It is believed that he was very young when he assumed reign over Assyria due to the fact that for the first five years his mother Shammuramat was very influential despite not being classified as even a regent. She may have possibly been an inspiration to the legend of Semiramis.
He engaged in many different military campaigns throughout his rule. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Adad-nirari III King of Assyria Adad-Nirari stela.jpg The Tell al-Rimah Stele was discovered in 1967 and commemorates Adad-nirari III’s campaigns in the West. Issue Ashur-nirari V Shalmaneser IV Ashur-dan III Father Shamshi-Adad V Mother Shammuramat Adad-nirari III (also Adad-narari) was a King of Assyria from 811 to 783 BC. Contents [hide] 1 Family 2 Biography 3 See also 4 References Family Adad-nirari was a son and successor of king Shamshi-Adad V, and was apparently quite young at the time of his accession, because for the first five years of his reign, his mother Shammuramat was highly influential, which may have given rise to the legend of Semiramis. It is widely rejected that his mother acted as regent, but she was surprisingly influential for the time period. He was the father of kings Ashur-nirari V, Shalmaneser IV, and Ashur-dan III. Tiglath-Pileser III described himself as a son of Adad-nirari in his inscriptions, but it is uncertain if this is truthful. Biography Agate beads with the name Adad-nārārī III from Khojaly: Manneans period in the National Museum of History of Azerbaijan. Adad-nirari's youth, and the struggles his father had faced early in his reign, caused a serious weakening for the Assyrian rulership over Mesopotamia, and gave way to the ambitions of the most officers, governors, and the local rulers. Basalt stele of the Assyrian king Adad-nirari III from Saba. Ancient Orient Museum, Istanbul Archeological Museums, Turkey According to Adad-nirari's inscriptions, he led several military campaigns with the purpose of regaining the strength Assyria enjoyed in the times of his grandfather Shalmaneser III. According to the eponym canon, he campaigned in all directions until the last of his 18 years of reign (783 BC), and he was the builder of the temple of Nabu at Nineveh. Among his actions was a siege of Damascus in the time of Ben-Hadad III in 796 BCE, which led to the eclipse of the Aramaean Kingdom of Damascus and allowed the recovery of Israel under Jehoash (who paid the Assyrian king tribute at this time) and Jeroboam II. Despite Adad-nirari's vigor, Assyria entered a several decades long period of weakness following his death. See also Shamshi-ilu References Jump up ^ Tell Al Rimah Stele, IM 70543, in the Iraq Museum, Baghdad. Jump up ^ Georges Roux: Ancient Iraq, Penguin Books, London 1992, ISBN 0-14-012523-X, page 302. Jump up ^ Reilly, Jim (2000) "Contestants for Syrian Domination" in "Chapter 3: Assyrian & Hittite Synchronisms" The Genealogy of Ashakhet; Jump up ^ Ancient Near Eastern History and Culture by William H. Stiebing Jr. Preceded by Shamshi-Adad V King of Assyria 811–783 BC Succeeded by Shalmaneser IV