Settlements > Phoenician Settlements
List of Phoenician city-states and colonies
This is a list of cities of Phoenicia proper, modern-day Lebanon, coastal Syria and northern Israel/Palestine and those cities founded or developed by the Phoenicians in the Levant / Eastern Mediterranean area, North Africa, Europe, and the islands of the Mediterranean Sea.
Sur - One of the two leading-city states of Phoenicia and the most important seaport
Sydon - One of the two leading city-states of Phoenicia
Gebal - One of the oldest sites of civilization
Latakia - also known by its Phoenician name was Ramitha
Myriandrus - in modern-day Turkey
Sam'al - Cilicia; in modern-day Turkey. Fortress city protecting the trade route to Anatolia
Finike - historically known as Phoenicus
Kition, also known as Citium (in Latin).
Leptis Magna - major city on the Libyan coastline
Carthage - the most powerful of the Phoenician settlements, eventually being destroyed by the Romans
Utica - earliest settlement in Africa
Hippo Diarrhytus - now Bizerte, the northernmost city in Africa
Zama Regia - the last place Hannibal fought and the place where his first and only major defeat occurred
Europe / Elsewhere
Lilybaeum, also known as Marsala
Burmula, (Bormla/Cospicua)De Soldanis/G.F. Abela/Achille Ferris
Cádiz also known as Gades - earliest Phoenician settlement in Spain
Cartagena - the capital city founded by Hamilcar Barca of Carthage after conquering the Iberian tribes
La Fonteta (Guardamar del Segura)
Barcelona (according to one legend another says it's Greek)
Phoenicia - From the Encyclopedia of the Orient
Jump up ^ Peter Whitfield (2005). Cities of the World: A History in Maps. University of California Press. p. 99. ISBN 978-0-520-24725-3.
Jump up ^ Nathan Laughlin Pilkington (2013). "An Archaeological History of Carthaginian Imperialism". Academic Commons, Columbia.edu. Columbia University. p. 170. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
Jump up ^ David Wright; Patrick Swift (1 January 1971). Lisbon: a portrait and a guide. Barrie and Jenkins. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-214-65309-4.